Biomass-fired energy generation is considered an attractive alternative for diversifying the energy matrix in place of fossil fuels such as oil and coal. In this category, most plants in Brazil use waste from industrial processing of sugarcane, particularly sugarcane bagasse, to generate energy.
Energy produced from this byproduct has been used as an input since the construction of the first sugar and ethanol plants, most of them located in the states of São Paulo, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul and Paraná, close to major urban energy consumption centers. At first, it was intended to meet the needs of these production units. However, the increased energy efficiency of the sector enabled the generation of surplus energy, which was sold, thereby increasing the importance of its use in the national energy matrix.
In April 2019, power generation plants using biomass accounted for 14.8 GW of the country's installed capacity (564 projects), 9.0% of the Brazilian energy matrix. The 2027 PDE² projects growth of this source, which should reach installed capacity of 16.6 GW in December 2027, and indicates the tremendous potential for renovation and modernization of the facilities and the processes of several cogeneration plants, leading to higher efficiency and surplus generation.
1 BIG (ANEEL) – April/2019.
2 Ten-Year Energy Expansion Plan 2027 (MME).